Water pressure isn’t something we think about very often, yet it can have a big impact on how well your home’s water systems work. Having low water pressure will be painfully visible; your kitchen and bathroom taps will trickle and your power shower will turn into a soft drizzle.
It is our goal to make this guide as comprehensive as possible so that you will learn how to identify the correct pressure, test water flow rate, and make improvements to all of these things.
What’s the deal with water pressure, exactly?
Water pressure is the amount of force required to move water from the mains to your home’s plumbing. For example, if you want to push water up to a height of 10 metres, you’ll need one bar of force.
Even within the same city, the pressure might be drastically different. Unexpectedly, it can fluctuate from one area to another, or even throughout the day. It’s possible that your mains pressure could be low in the early morning between 7 and 9 a.m. because others in your neighbourhood will be taking showers and baths to start the day, just like you. People watering their plants on hot summer nights may find that the pressure is low.
If you live near a reservoir or water supply network, your water pressure will fluctuate. Because water has to fight gravity to get to your house if you live on a hill, your pressure will be lower. Those who live at the bottom of a hill, on the other hand, have significantly stronger water flow since gravity aids in bringing the water to their home.
If you’re curious about the source of your water, you can contact your local water authority online. They can help you out. You will be able to tell if your property is higher or lower than the water provider based on whether or not you have high or low water pressure.
When it comes to water, what’s the difference between flow and pressure?
According to our previous discussion, water pressure is a way of measuring how much energy it takes to move water from the mains to all of the plumbing in your house.
In the context of plumbing, water flow refers to the volume of water flowing through your pipes and outputs like faucets and shower heads at any given time. Liters per minute (LPM) is the unit of water flow measurement.
How do you gauge water pressure?
To determine how much pressure you have, divide the number of gallons in your house by the number of “bars” in your house. One bar is equal to the force necessary to lift 10 metres of water with one hand. In general, a low pressure tap or shower is required for anything below 0.3 bar and a high pressure tap or shower is required for anything beyond 1.0 bar.
It is illegal for your mains water provider to deliver water pressure to your home that is less than the statutory 1 bar. The piping can enter your property at any point, however the most common entry point is the boundary of your land.
How can you tell whether your water pressure is too high or too low?
You may check your water pressure by contacting your water provider or plumber, who will be able to use industry standard tools to do so.
It’s also possible to estimate the pressure using a rough guide: measure the distance or drop in metres between your water tank and the tap for an exact reading.
A step-by-step explanation on how to gauge your water flow rate
Water flow rate testing is quick and easy, and it can help you figure out if your water pressure is insufficient. To find out how much water is flowing through your house at any one time, simply follow our step-by-step guide below.
Step one: You must gather the necessary equipment
Do not forget the stopwatch, the calculator, and one or two 1-litre water bottles (these last two you will most likely be able to get on your mobile phone).
Step two: Measure the water output and record it for a period of six seconds
Turn on your bathroom or shower faucet for six seconds with your water jug under it. Turn off the water when the stopwatch on your stopwatch reads 6 seconds.
Step three: Determine your litres per minute flow rate
Use a conversion factor of 10 to find out how much water is in the jug (for example, 0.7 litres). To get your flow rate in litres per minute, multiply your volume by 10 and divide the result by the number of decimal places.
Flow rates less than 10 litres per minute are deemed poor by some. Anything between 10 and 15 litres per minute is adequate but there is room for advancement. Flow rates greater than 15 litres per minute are considered excellent.
What is a house’s ideal water pressure?
Homeowners often choose a water pressure setting between 40 and 60 PSI (pounds per square inch). Once you’ve figured out how much water pressure is in your house, you’ll be able to choose a level that works for everyone.
How to enhance your home’s water pressure with these simple tips
Many things can be done to raise the water pressure in your home if that’s a problem. Here are a few ideas.
Increasing your shower’s pressure is as simple as making sure your shower head is set correctly. If the distance between the showerhead and the water level in your property’s water tank is less than one metre, your shower will not work properly. The higher your ‘head of water,’ the stronger your water pressure.
Another simple tip is to clean your showerhead, faucets, and pipes on a regular basis to eliminate limescale, rust, and other gunk. Similarly, clogged drains cause slow draining sinks and toilets; if water supply lines aren’t cleaned on a regular basis, the same thing might happen, resulting in reduced pressure.
Please keep in mind, too, that the water pressure in your home will be varied based on the type of household water system you have in place.
How to raise the temperature of the water in the faucet
Low hot water pressure can be caused by a number of things, including silt and scale accumulation inside the water heater or too many bends in the plumbing lines.. Fortunately, there are a few easy ways to boost your home’s hot water pressure.
Make use of a plumber to remove mineral deposits and sediment buildups from the water heater and plumbing lines by cleaning and flushing them.
Ensure heat is delivered efficiently by replacing old piping and water heaters that are more than eight years old.
If your water supply intake and outtake lines have several kinks or bends before they reach your faucets and outlets, this could be seriously affecting your hot water pressure. You can ask your plumber to repipe the plumbing lines in the regions of the house where there is low hot water pressure, or if the problem affects the entire house, a pressure regulator can be placed to regulate the pressure.
Make sure your shutdown valve is fully open before moving on. A partial closing will result in reduced hot water pressure.
How to make your shower head’s water flow more powerful
Increasing the pressure from your shower head can be accomplished in a variety of ways depending on your water pressure system. One option is to get a power shower, which has a three-fold boost in flow, and replace your current shower head with it.
Another option is to install a shower pump that activates when you turn on the shower and is connected to the water system rather than a new unit. Before it can reach the showerhead, water must first pass through the pump. Gravity-fed systems and properties with older construction benefit greatly from these.
How to raise the water pressure in your taps
This will also help raise the pressure from your taps throughout the rest of your house if you install the shower described before.
The shut-off valve on your combination boiler system may be clogged or even closed if you have one. If this is the case, your water’s pressure will be greatly diminished. The valve, which is usually found under your kitchen sink, can become blocked with dirt, so keep an eye on it and clean it regularly to avoid this.
How to lower your home’s water pressure
The excessive water pressure in your home may be to blame if you have leaky faucets, banging pipes, or failed appliances. There are a few actions you can take to figure out if the excessive pressure is to blame for your issues.
Step 1: Use a water pressure gauge to check for leaks.
A pressure gauge can be used to measure the liquid’s applied force when it is at rest to determine if your pressure is too high (or too low). You should call a plumber if your water pressure gauge reads more than 80 psi because this indicates a problem that needs to be addressed by an expert.
A pressure-reduction valve is used in Step 2.
Installing a pressure reduction valve may potentially be able to aid with your high water pressure issues. Since installing it yourself can be difficult if you are not familiar with pipework, hiring a professional may be the best option for someone who is not experienced.
The pressure reduction valve balances your pressure issues by taking a high inlet pressure and reducing it to a lower outlet pressure. To avoid a noisy plumbing system and limited flow, don’t crank down the mains stopcock when installing this.
3rd step: Get in touch with your water provider.
If your water pressure is significantly higher than typical, contact your water company right away. More over 100 psi indicates that there is a problem in the water supply network. Your water provider is responsible for making sure your home receives regular water levels, so it’s worth getting in touch with them to see if there’s anything you can do.